Thomas Jefferson the Inventor

atkins-bookshelf-triviaThomas Jefferson (1801-1809) is one of the most famous and distinguished figures in American history; he is well-known as being the third President of the United States, a Founding Father, and one of the key authors of the Declaration of Independence. But Jefferson was far more than that; he was a true renaissance man. He was not just a brilliant statesman, but also a talented and accomplished writer, linguist (he was conversant in Greek, Latin, Italian, German, French, Spanish, and a few American Indian dialects), bibliophile (he managed a library of more than 6,500 books; as he expressed to his friend, John Adams, “I cannot live without books.”) farmer, botanist, architect, sommelier, gourmet — and a prolific inventor. During a dinner honoring Nobel Winners in 1962, President John F. Kennedy aptly quipped: “I want to tell you how welcome you are to the White House. I think this is the most extraordinary collection of talent, of human knowledge, that has ever been gathered together at the White House, with the possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone.” Of course, he did own slaves — proving that no one is perfect.

Although not as famous as other American inventors like Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, Henry Ford, and Benjamin Franklin, Jefferson was indeed a brilliant inventor, whose inventions had far-reaching impact. Indeed, many are still in use today all around the globe. So what did Jefferson invent? Quite a bit — had he patented all his ideas, his estate would be collecting billions of dollars in royalties to date. Imagine if he were alive today — he would be a formidable panelist on Shark Tank! Below is a partial list of Jefferson’s inventions:
Dumbwaiter
Lazy Susan
Automatic closing door (used in buses today)
Swivel chair (used when writing the Declaration of Independence)
Portable writing desk (ditto)
Folding chair
Revolving book stand
Cipher wheel
Clock powered by gravity
Improved moldboard plow
Improved the Polygraph (or Pantograph that copies letter writing, patented by John Hawkins)
Improved pedometer
System of interchangeable parts (for firearms, but could be applied to general manufacturing)

In the kitchen, he was equally inventive, introducing Basked Alaska and Chicken a la King (favorites of his pal, George Washington).

Read related posts: Jefferson and Adams Die on Same Day
Famous People Who Died on the Same Day
The Library is the DNA of our Civilization

For further reading: White House Confidential: The Little Book of Weird Presidential History by Gregg Stebben and Austin Hill (2006)
http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=8623
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Jefferson

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2 responses to “Thomas Jefferson the Inventor

  • R Kirkland

    The Monticello organization after years of research has concluded that it is a myth that Jefferson was a prolific inventor. He adopted and adapted many new things but he did not invent them. Many ideas were brought back from France and were new here at the time and thus attributed to him. His only invention is the moldboard plow.

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