With the presidential election a few months away, a lot of worried voters are asking “Hillary Clinton or Donald Trump?” It’s a real dilemma for many people and certainly begs the question: what is the word when you are faced with two bad choices?
Other than the most obvious cynical response (“We are so f****d!”), there are actually several phrases that describe this very specific dilemma. Regardless of your political affiliation, any of these will work:
Cornelian dilemma (also spelled Cornellian)
A dilemma where a person must choose between two courses of action that either of which will have a harmful effect on themselves or others. The phrase is named after Pierre Corneille, a French dramatist. In his play, Le Cid (1636), Rodrigue, the protagonist, must choose between seeking revenge and losing his beloved or forego revenge and losing his honor.
Between Scylla and Charybdis
A dilemma where a person must choose between two evils. The phrase is derived from Greek mythology. In Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, Odysseus had to sail through at the Strait of Messina between Sicily and the Italian mainland, each occupied by mythical sea monsters. Charybdis, was a dangerous whirlpool, lived off the coast of Sicily, while Scylla, a six-headed sea monster, lived on the Italian side of the strait. Odysseus had to choose between two monsters, ultimately deciding to pass by Scylla, sacrificing a few sailors, as opposed to passing by Charybdis, and losing his entire ship and crew. Incidentally, the words are pronounced “silla” (rhymes with villa) and “KA rib dis.”
Between the devil and the deep blue sea
A dilemma where a person must choose between two undesirable situations or outcomes. The term, of nautical origin, refers to a person facing death either burning in hell, the home of the devil, or drowning at the bottom of the sea. The phrase first appears in Robert Monro’s His Expedition with the Worthy Scots Regiment Called Mac-Keyes (1637).
Between a rock and a hard place
A dilemma where a person must choose between two very unpleasant choices. The earliest printed use of the phrase occurs in Dialect Notes V (1921), a publication of the American Dialect Society: “To be between a rock and a hard place… to be bankrupt. Common in Arizona in recent panics.” The recent panics refer to the choice that copper mineworkers in Bisbee Arizona, who were trying to unionize for better conditions, had to choose between low pay and harsh work at the mines or unemployment and poverty.
The lesser of two evils
A dilemma that presents a choice between two unfavorable, harmful or bad options. Although the phrase originated as a proverb among the ancient Greeks, it was popularized by Geoffrey Chaucer’s famous poem Troilus and Criseyde (Troilus and Cressida) written in Middle English in the mid 1830s.
Damned if you do and damned if you don’t
A dilemma where it is impossible to do the right thing, because either option will result in undesirable outcomes. The original phrase, “You’ll be damned if you do — and damned if you don’t” appeared in American evangelist Lorenzo Dow’s Reflections on the Love of God published in 1836. Dow was criticizing preachers who “make the Bible clash and contradict itself.”
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For further reading: http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place.html