William James (1842-1910), American psychologist, doctor, and philosopher. Known as the Father of American psychology, he was the first to teach psychology courses in America, specifically at Harvard University. At Harvard, he not only taught psychology, but physiology, anatomy, and philosophy. James is associated with two key philosophical perspectives: pragmatism and radical empiricism (he developed the latter). Some of his famous students included: Theodore Roosevelt, George Santayana, W. E. B. Du Bois, Gertrude Stein, and Walter Lippmann. He is best known for his seminal books, The Principles of Psychology, Essays in Radical Empiricism, and the Varieties of Religious Experience. William’s brother was the famous novelist Henry James, author of The Portrait of a Lady, The Bostonians, and the influential novella, The Turn of the Screw.
The Deepest Principle in Human Nature